Tuesday

Out of the Wilderness & Into the Promised Land Podcast Peace Episode 001

New Report: "Is Cannabis a Gateway Drug? Key Findings and Literature Review"

Gateway Hypothesis Debunked: "Correlation Does Not Imply Causation"

Due to this study being of an epidemiological nature, most of the grammar and syntax was kept in tact in order to preserve its fidelity. 



 Below is a link to nearly the entire article.
In Lo-fidelity. Recorded with an iphone. And Zira translating


Is Cannabis A Gateway Drug? 

Drug Cannabis use in combination with other intoxicants
Cannabis Use 12& up 118,200,000
Alcohol/Tobacco & Cannabis 117,100,000
Cocaine & Cannabis 37,824,000
Meth & Cannabis 14,184,000
Heroin & Cannabis 4,728,000

Key points:

The FRD has determined that no causal link between cannabis use and the use of other illicit drugs can be claimed at this time

The inability to conclusively claim cannabis as a gateway drug is due to data gathering limitations, and failures to eliminate confusing variables. Animal studies were also found to be confounding

There was a association in some studies between variables, such as individual and peer drug use, mental health, socioeconomic factors, and the use of illicit drugs. But, there was not enough evidence to claim cannabis as the underlying causation

Only 1 review was found worth mentioning in regards to legitimizing the 'Gateway Hypothesis'

NOTE: Many studies of human cannabis use are based on self-reported data from longitudinal or retrospective studies. This collection method is known to be inaccurate and biased, as subjects often cannot recall the details requested by the researchers or the study participants attempt to provide answers they believe reflect most favorably upon themselves

DRUG CLASSIFICATIONS:

Schedule 1: Drugs with “no accepted medical use & a high potential for abuse.” Cannabis, LSD, Heroin, Meth

Schedule 2: Drugs with a high potential for abuse and potentially leading to severe psychological or physical dependence.” Examples include cocaine, methamphetamine, Oxycodone, fentanyl, and methadone

Schedule 3: Drugs with “a moderate to low potential for physical and psychological dependence.” Examples include anabolic steroids and ketamine

Schedule 4: Drugs with “a low potential for abuse and low risk of dependence.” Examples include Ambien, Valium, and Xanax. (Three of the most addictive medications on Earth fall in this list)


Schedule 5: Drugs with a “lower potential for abuse than Schedule IV and consist of limited quantities of certain narcotics.” These drugs are generally used for antidiarrheal, antitussive, and analgesic purposes; examples include Lyrica and Robitussin

Below is a list of medical conditions accepted by individual states across the nation for Cannabis treatment.





A flow chart representing correlation between cannabis use and other illegal drugs
Here's the report in its entirety
https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/252950.pdf
The report was prepared by the Federal Research Division within the Library of Congress. FRD provides customized research and analysis on domestic and international topics to the United States Government.

Big Thanks to the researchers and their objective observations


Dr. Mary Amanda Dew,
professor of psychiatry, psychology, epidemiology, and biostatistics at the University of Pittsburgh, andDr. Tomoko Steen, a research specialist in the Library’s Science, Technology, and Business Division and an adjunct professor of microbiology and immunology at Georgetown University.




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